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If you are ever in the Fredericksburg area and visit the library, here is a long list of resources I edited to assist in conducting genealogical research. I made this list several years ago and it probably needs a little updating, but it is still very relevant.  My goal was to make this list easy for patrons to use and locate materials, and I didn’t use a particular format for citing.

African American Genealogy Resources

ANF: Adult Non Fiction

R: Reference

VR: Virginiana Room, Headquarters Library

VRD: Virginiana Room Duplicate Shelving; see reference for assistance

VRL: Virginiana Room Locked Cabinet; see reference for assistance

Genealogy Guidebooks

African American Genealogical Sourcebook. 1995. [VR 929.1 Af]

Beasley, D. Family Pride: The Complete Guide to Tracing Your African-American Genealogy. 1997. [VR 929.1 Be] [ANF 929.373 Be]

Blockson, C. Black Genealogy. 1991. [ANF 929.1 Bl]

Braxton, S. J. Guide to Tracing Your African Ameripean Civil War Ancestor. 1997. [VR 929.Br]

Burroughs, Tony. Black Roots: A Beginner’s Guide to Tracing the African American Family Tree. 2002. [VR and ANF 929.1 Bu]

The Family Tree Guide Book: Everything You Need to Know to Trace Your Genealogy Across North America. 2002. [ANF 929.1072 Fa]

Fears, M. J.L. Slave Ancestral Research: It’s Something Else. 1995. [VR 929.1 Fe]

Gates, H. L. Finding Oprah’s Roots: Finding Yours. 2007. [ANF 929.1072 Ga]

Newman, D. L. Black History: A Guide to Civilian Records in the National Archives. 1984. [VR 016.973 Ne]

Peters, J. W. Local Records and Genealogy: A Primer for Family Historians. 1992. [VR 929.1 Pe]

Peters, J. W. Local Sources for African-American Family Historians: Using County Court Records and Census Returns. 1993 [VR 929.1 Pe]

Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources. 2004. [VR 929.1 Re]

Streets, D. H. Slave Genealogy: A Research Guide with Case Studies. 1986. [VR 929.1 St]

Thackery, D. Finding Your African American Ancestors: A Beginner’s Guide. 2000. [VR 929.1 Th]

The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy. 1997. [VR 929.1 So]

Walton-Raji, A. Y. Black Indian Genealogy Research. 1993. [VR 929.1 Wa]

Woodtor, D. Finding a Place Called Home: A Guide to African –American Genealogy and Historical Identity. 1999. [ANF 305.Wo]

Vital Records, Census, and Statistical Information

Bell, J.C. Louisa County Records You Probably Never Saw of 18th Century Virginia. 1983. [VR 929.3755465 Lo]

Certificates and Registry of Free Negroes, City of Fredericksburg, 1790-1862. [VRL]

Celebrating Our Heritage: Holy, Hallowed and Historical 1888-1998; Shiloh Baptist Church (New Site). 1998-2000. [VR 975.5366 Ce]

Chappawamsic Baptist Church (Stafford County, Virginia). Records, 1766-1919. Two volumes. [VR 975.526 Re]

Collins, H. R. Caroline County, Virginia, Bureau of Vital Statistics of Death  Records, 1853-1896. 1999. [VR 929.3755362 Co]

Collins, H. R. Caroline County, Virginia Death Records (1919-1994) from The Caroline Progress, A Weekly Newspaper Published in Bowling Green, Virginia. 1995. [VR 929.3755362 Co]

Death Notices from the Free Lance-Star 1992. 1993? [VR 070 Fr]

Death Notices from the Free Lance-Star 1993-1996. 1996. [VR 070 Fr]

Greene, R. E. Black Courage, 1775-1783: Documentation of Black Participation in the American Revolution. 1984. [VR 929.373 Gr]

Heinegg, P. Free African Americans of North Carolina and Virginia. 1992. [VR 929.3755 He]

Heinegg, P. Free African Americans of North Carolina, Virginia, and South Carolina. 2001. Two volumes. [VR 929.3755 He]

Hodge, R. A. Birth Records, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1853-1896. 1980. Two volumes. [VR 929.3755366 Ho]

_____. Birth Records, Fredericksburg, Virginia. 1900-1940 (colored). 1998. [VR 929.3755366 Ho].

_____. Fredericksburg, Virginia, Death Records, 1853-1895. 1980. [VR 929.3755366]

_____. An Index to the Death Notices in the Free Lance-Star, 1981-1991. 1992. [VR 070 Fr]

_____. An Index to the Newspaper Death Notices, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1990. 1990. [0.70 Fr]

_____. An Index to the Newspaper Death Notices, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1991. 1991. [VR 070 Fr]

_____. Indexes to the Death Notices in the Free Lance-Star (Fredericksburg, Virginia), 1981- 1983. 1981-1983. [VR 070 Fr]

_____. Indexes to the Death Notices in the Free Lance-Star (Fredericksburg, Virginia), 1984- 1986. 1984-1986. [VR 070 Fr]

____. Indexes to the Death Notices in the Free Lance-Star (Fredericksburg, Virginia) 1987-1989. 1987-1989. [VR 070 Fr]

____. Indexes to the Death Notices in the Virginia Star (Culpeper, Virginia), 1919-1928). 1982. [VR 070 Vi]

____. Indexes to the Death Notices in the Virginia Star (Culpeper, Virginia), 1929-1953. 1982. [VR 070 Vi]

_____. Shiloh Cemetery: A List of Names. 1981. [VR 975.5366 Sh]

_____. Some Pre-1871 Vital Statistics of Colored Persons of Culpeper County, Virginia. 1978. [VR 929.3755392]

Index to Certificates and Registry of Free Negroes, City of Fredericksburg, 1790-1862. [VRL]

Indexes to the Death Notice in the Free Lance-Star of Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1997-2000. [2000?] [VR 070 Fr]

Lee, E. N. King George County, Virginia, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Death Records, 1853-1896. 1995. [VR 929.375525 Le]

List of Female Colored Voters Registered at Lower Precinct in Fredericksburg City, Virginia Since January 1, 1904. Two volumes. [VRL]

List of Female Colored Voters Registered at Upper Precinct in Fredericksburg City, Virginia Since January 1, 1904. Two volumes. [VRL]

“List of Free Blacks in Westmoreland County, Virginia 1801.” The Virginia Genealogist31:1 (January –March 1987). [VR 051 Vi]

List of Male and Female Colored Voters, 1904-1905, Fredericksburg, Virginia. 198-? [VR 929.3755366 Li]

List of Male Colored Voters Registered at Lower Precinct in Fredericksburg City, Virginia since January 1. 1904. Two volumes. [VRL]

List of Male Colored Voters Registered at Upper Precinct in Fredericksburg City, Virginia, since January 1. 1904. Two volumes. [VRL]

Obituaries as Published in the Free Lance-Star, Fredericksburg, Virginia: January 1, 2001-December 31, 2004. [2005?] [VR 070 Fr]

Plunkett, Michael. Afro-American Sources in Virginia: A Guide to Manuscripts. 1990.[VR 016.975 Pl]

Potts, H. E. A Comprehensive Name Index for the American Slave. 1997. [VR 929.373 Po]

Provine, D. S. District of Columbia Free Negro Registers, 1821-1861. Two volumes. [VR 929.3753 Po]

Smithson, R. E. Register of Prominent Black Americans: Virginia. 1990. [VR 920 Sm]

The Parish Register of Christ Church, Middlesex County, Va. From 1653-1812. 1988. [VR 975.533 Ch]

Virginia Department of Health Bureau of Vital Statistics. [Registers of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in Virginia] [19–?] [VR Microforms 317.55 Vi]

Virginia Slave Births Index, 1853-1865. 2007. Five volumes. [VR 929.3755 Vi]

Local Area (Fredericksburg, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Westmoreland) History

Burton, C. African-American Education in Westmoreland County. 1999. [VR 975.524 Bu]

Burton, C. Westmoreland County. 2000. [VR 925.524 Bu]

Civil Rights: Fredericksburg’s Story. 1997. [DVDs 9.755 C58, Videos 9.755 F85]

Fitzgerald, R. C. A Different Story: A Black History of Fredericksburg, Stafford, and Spotsylvania, Virginia. 1979. [VR 975.5366 Fi]

Miller, T. African Americans in Spotsylvania County. 2008. [VR and ANF 975.5365 Mi]

OBrion, C. G. Coping with Jim Crow: Black Education in Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1905-1963. 1990. [VR 975.5366 Ob]

Personal and Family Histories

Blight, D. W. A Slave No More: Two Men Who Escaped to Freedom: Including Their Own Narratives of Emancipation. 2007. [VR and ANF 973.7115 Bl]

Conway, H. L. The Harry Conway Family History. 1997. [VR 929.2 Con]

Ellison, C. J. Brown, Thompson, Jerome: Our Family History: 1821-1991: Celebrating 170 Years of Our Family’s Roots. [1991]. [VR 929.2 Bro]

God Made Man, Man Made the Slave: The Autobiography of George Teamoh. 1990. [VR 921 Tea]

Gordon-Reed, A. The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family. 2008. [VR and ANF 921 Hemin]

Howard-Douglas, D. The Descendants of the First Mitchell Wilson of Westmoreland County, Virginia: 1824 to 2002. 2002. [VRD 929.2 Wi]

John Washington’s Civil War: A Slave Narrative. 2008. [VR and ANF 973.7115 Wa]

Lanier, S. Jefferson’s Children: The Story of One American Family. 2000. [VR 920 La]

Madden, T.O. We Were Always Free: The Maddens of Culpeper County, Virginia: A Two-Hundred –Year Family History. 1992. [VR and ANF 920 Ma]

Reed, B. The Slave Families of Thomas Jefferson: A Pictorial Study Book with an Interpretation of His Farm Book in Genealogy Charts. 2007. Two Volumes. [VR 929.1 Re]

Russell, J. D. Beyond the Rim: From Slavery to Redemption in Rappahannock County, Virginia. 2005. [ANF 975.5395 Ru]

Stanton, L. Free Some Day: The African-American Families of Monticello. 2000. [VR 929.1 St]

Wills, A. L. Notes and Documents of Free Persons of Color: Four Hundred Years of an American Families’ History. 2003. [VR 929.3 Wi]

Virginia African American History and Information

Afro-American History and Culture. 1999. [VR and ANF 975.5 Af]

Barber, L. African American History Sources: A Bibliography. 1992. [VR 305.896 Ba]

Before Freedom Came: African-American Life in the Antebellum South: To Accompany an Exhibition Organized by the Museum of the Confederacy. 1991. [VR and ANF 305.8 Be]

Bogger, T. Free Blacks in Norfolk, Virginia, 1790-1860: The Darker Side of Freedom. 1997. [VR 975.5521 Bo]

Boyle, S.P. The Desegregated Heart: A Virginian’s Stand in Time of Transistion. 1962. [VR 323.1 Bo]

Brewer, J. H. The Confederate Negro: Virginia’s Craftsmen and Military Laborers, 1861-1865. 1969. [VR 973.715 Br]

Buni, A. The Negro in Virginia Politics, 1902-1965. 1967. [VR and ANF 323.11 Bu]

Chester, Thomas Morris. Thomas Morris Chester, Black Civil War Correspondent: His Dispatches from the Virginia Front. 1989. [VRD 929.7415 Ch]

Coleman, Mary Haldane Begg. Virginia Silhouettes: Contemporary Letters Concerning Negro Slavery in the State of Virginia, to which is Appended, A Dissertation on Slavery with a proposal for the Gradual Abolition of it in the State of Virginia. 1934. [VRD 975.503 Co]

Craven, W.F. White, Red, and Black: The Seventeenth-Century Virginian. 1971. [VR 975.502 Cr]

Cross-White, A. Charlottesville, An African-American Community. 1998. [VR 975.5481 Cr]

Dailey, J.E. Before Jim Crow: The Politics of Race in Postemancipation Virginia. 2000. [ANF 975.5041 Da]

Davis, V. A. Here I Lay My Burdens Down: A History of the Black Cemeteries of Richmond, Virginia. 2003. [VRD 929.509755451 Da]

Egerton, D. R. Gabriel’s Rebellion: The Virginia Slave Conspiracies of 1800 and 1802.1993. [VR and ANF 975.503 Eg]

Ely, M. P. Israel on the Appomattox: A Southern Experiment in Black Freedom from 1790s through the Civil War. 2004. [ANF 975.5632 El]

Fox-Genovese, E. Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South. 1988. [VR 305.4 Fo]

Guild, J. P. Black Laws of Virginia: A Summary of the Legislative Acts of Virginia Concerning Negroes from Earliest Times to the Present. 1995. [VR 346.013 Gu]

The Heritage and Culture of African Americans in Virginia: A Guide to the Sites. 2001. [VR, R and ANF 975.5 He]

Jordan, E. L. Black Confederates and Afro-Yankees in Civil War Virginia. 1995. [VR and ANF 973.74755 Jo]

Kulikoff, A. Tobacco and Slaves: The Development of Southern Cultures in the Chesapeake, 1680-1800. 1988. [ANF 975.518 Ku]

Lebsock, S. The Free Women of Petersburg: Status and Culture in a Southern Town, 1784-1860. 1984. [VR 305.42 Le]

Lewis, R. L. Coal, Iron, and Slaves: Industrial Slavery in Maryland and Virginia, 1715- 1865. 1979. [VR 331.117 Le]

McGuire, L. H. Uprooted and Transplanted: From Africa to America: Focus on African-Americans in Essex County, Virginia: Oppressions, Achievements, and Contributions, the 1600s-1900s. 1999. [VR 975.534 Mc]

McLeRoy, S. Strangers in Their Midst: The Free Black Population of Amherst County,Virginia. 1993. [VR 929.3755496 Mc]

Morgan,E. S. American Slavery, American Freedom. 2003. [ANF 975.502 Mo]

Morgan, P. D. Slave Counterpart: Black Culture in the Eighteenth-Century Chesapeake and Lowcountry. 1998. [ANF 305.8 Mo]

O’Brien, J. T. Reconstruction in Richmond: White Restoration and Black Protest, April-June 1865. 1981. [VR 975.5451 Ob]

Plunkett, M. Afro-American Sources in Virginia: A Guide to Manuscripts. 1990. [VR 016.975 Pl]

Readings in Black and White: Lower Tidewater Virginia. 1982. [VR 975.51 Re]

Rose, R. A. Norfolk, Virginia. 2000. [VR 975.552 Ro]

Russell, J. H. The Free Negro in Virginia, 1619-1865. 1969. [VR 305.8 Ru]

Russell, L. F.Black Baptist Secondary Schools in Virginia, 1887-1957: A Study in Black History. 1981. [VR 373 Ru]

Savitt, T. L. Medicine and Slavery: The Diseases and Health Care of Blacks in Antebellum Virginia. 1978. [VR 610.9 Sa]

Schwarz, P. J. Slave Laws in Virginia. 1996. [ANF 326 Sc]

Slavery and Freedom in the Age of the American Revolution. 1983. [VR 326 Sl]

Smith, J. D. Managing White Supremacy: Race, Politics, and Citizenship in Jim Crow Virginia. 2002. [ANF 975.5042]

Stevenson, B. E. Life in Black and White: Family and Community in the Slave South. 1996. [ANF 306.8 St]

Takagi, M. Rearing Wolves to Our Own Destruction: Slavery in Richmond, Virginia, 1782-1865. 1999. [ANF 326 Ta]

Tate, T. W. The Negro in Eighteenth Century Williamsburg. 1965, 1987 printing. [VR and ANF 305.8 Ta]

Taylor, A.A. The Negro in the Reconstruction of Virginia. 1926. [VR 975.504 Ta]

Tyler-McGraw, Marie. In Bondage and Freedom: Antebellum Life in Richmond, Virginia. 1988. [VR and ANF 975.5451 Ty]

Virginia Landmarks of Black History: Sites on the Virginia Landmarks Register and the National Register of Historic Places. [VR, ANF and R 728 Vi]

Virginia Slave Narratives: A Folk History of Slavery in Virginia from Interviews with Former Slaves. 2006? [ANF 306.362 Vi]

Weevils in the Wheat: Interviews with Virginia Ex-Slaves. 1976. [VR 301.45 We] [ANF 305.8 We]

White, D.G. Ar’n’t I a Woman? : Female Slaves in the Plantation South. 1985. [305.56 Wh]

Writer’s Program. Virginia. The Negro in Virginia. 1969. [VR 326 Ne]

Online Genealogy Sources

Afrigeneas: African Ancestored Genealogy. http://www.afrigeneas.com

Ancestry database. Ancestry is accessed for free at any CRRL library branch.


Central Rappahannock Heritage Center. http:www.crhcarchives.org

Cyndi’s List: African American resources. http://www.cyndislist.com/african.htm

FamilySearch: African American database.


Fredericksburg Research Resources.


Freedmen’s Bureau Online: Virginia. http://www.freedmensbureau.com/virginia/index.htm

GenForum. http://genforum.genealogy.com

Geni: A private place to build your family tree. http://www.geni.com

My Heritage: Share your family tree. http://www.myheritage.com

HeritageQuest. Access granted at many local libraries with a library card.

The National Archives: African American Research.


Roots Television. http://www.rootstelevision.com

Rootsweb. http://www.rootsweb.com

Virginia Memory, Library of Virginia. http://www.virginiamemory.com